Anti-Aging: Firm & Youthful Skin as an Ideal of Beauty

Exquisite Products & Innovative Technology Against Wrinkles & Signs of Aging

A critical look into the mirror reveals them mercilessly: wrinkles and various other signs of skin aging. In times when youthfulness and a perfect appearance become increasingly more important, for most people signs of skin aging, however, are unwelcome side effects of getting older. Not without reason the anti-aging market is booming finding many devotees in the 30+ age group. The number of men who undergo cosmetic surgery have risen steadily in the past years. 73 percent of women use anti-aging products to prevent wrinkles and reduce the depth of existing wrinkles. No question, the beauty business has become a global trend representing a market volume of 1.026 billion US dollars worldwide, the largest growth segment in the wellness industry. But what about all those beauty enthusiasts who don’t have the cash for overpriced beauty treatments or don’t want to bear the risks of cosmetic surgery? Are there any professional and affordable anti-aging treatments for domestic use? How do they work? How do wrinkles develop? Here you will find the most crucial answers.

Anti-Aging: What You Should Know

What Is Anti-Aging?

What Are Anti-Aging Products? 

How Did Anti-Aging Emerge?

What Is an Anti-Aging Treatment?

Why Undergo an Anti-Aging Treatment and in Which Areas of the Human Body Does it Work?

Functions of the Skin 

Why Is Skin Referred to as the Largest Organ? 

What the Skin Reveals About a Person? 

How Many Layers of Skin Do We Have?

How Often Does the Human Skin Renew Itself?

How Much Skin Does a Person Lose a Day / in a Lifetime?

Are There Differences Between the Male and the Female Skin?

Skin Aging Process 

Where Is Human Skin the Thinnest & Prone to Wrinkles? 

When Do We Speak of Mature Skin? 

When and How Does Skin Age? 

What Happens to Skin During the Aging Process? 

Can We Prevent the Aging Process? 

Wrinkles: A Sign of Aging 

What Causes Wrinkles? 

How Many Wrinkles Is Considered Normal? 

What Kind of Wrinkles Are There? 

How Do I Recognize the First Aging Wrinkles? 

What Is the Next Important Step?

Anti-Aging in Practice 

How Do I Find the Right Anti-Aging Skin Care? 

How Does Anti-Aging Skin Care Affect the Human Skin? 

At What Age Should Anti-Aging Products Be Used? 

Which Anti-Aging Cream Should Be Used with the Age of 20/30/40/50? 

Is the Recommended Age for Starting an Anti-Aging Skin Care the Same for Men as for Women? 

What Is an Effective, Perfectly Matched Anti-Aging Care? 

Will I Be Able to Perform My Own Anti-Aging Treatment or Do I Have to Go to a Beautician? 

How Long Should an Anti-Aging Treatment Take? 

How Do I Recognize a Good Anti-Aging Skin Care? 

Is Anti-Aging Cosmetics as Effective as Botox? 

Do You Have Any Further Questions? 

Anti-Aging: What You Should Know

What Is Anti-Aging?

Anti-aging describes measures to delay the biological aging of people and to preserve the quality of life and beauty as long as possible when growing older. The term "anti-aging" is not legally protected and can be used in different contexts. It is therefore used in many industries and industrial sectors, for example in medicine, in the cosmetics industry, in nutrition science and in the dietary supplement industry. Even cosmetic surgeries are sometimes attributed to anti-aging measures.

What Are Anti-Aging Products?

Dietary supplements, skin care products, hormone replacement therapies, tablets, etc.: The range of anti-aging products is large and includes all products which are intended to selectively slow down the aging processes in the human body and the aging process of the skin. However, if you google the term "anti-aging products" you will encounter mainly skin care products that are supposed to reduce wrinkles, for example, skin creams with hyaluronic acid or melatonin. It becomes clear what significance youthful appearance and a nice, firm and wrinkle-free skin have. No wonder, because someone who looks younger is more attractive and thus feels fit.

How Did Anti-Aging Emerge?

The desire for eternal youth and immortality is as old as human history. The Holy Grail in the Arthurian legend, the invulnerability of Siegfried in the saga of the Nibelungs, the immortality cult of ancient Egypt: For thousands of years there has been an ongoing quest for eternal youth, beauty and immortality. The yearning for immortality can be found in the history of many nations. It runs through many eras and is kind of a forerunner of today's anti-aging movement. At the same time the history of anti-aging is closely linked to the history of medicine. Only through medical, biological and cosmetic knowledge it is possible to understand the aging processes of the human body and to be able to slow it down. More than ever our quality of life and beauty can be positively influenced by targeted anti-aging treatments - well into old age. Medicine and science have come a long way towards present-day anti-aging.

Anti-Aging in the Ancient World

Kleopatra-VII.-Altes-Museum-Berlin1

Kleopatra VII.

Already the ancient Egyptians, Romans and Greeks grappled with the prevention of the aging process and immortality. From the Ebers Papyrus originating in Egypt about 3500 years ago we know that preventive aging measures were common and that personal hygiene and cleanliness had a high priority. The most famous advocate of external anti-aging treatments was Egyptian Queen Cleopatra (69-30 BC), who bathed daily in donkey's milk and wrote about the subject in her faded book "Cosmeticon".

Hippokrates

Hippokrates from Kos

In ancient Greece Hippocrates of Kos (around 460-370 BC) was leading the way in the subject of anti-aging. Not only is the Oath of Hippocrates attributed to it, but also the scientific orientation of medicine. In his work "Peri diaties" - in English: "From the Way of Life" - he became deeply involved with the aging process and effective preventive measures. The exact balance between exercise and food intake was especially important to him. This trend continued in the Greek educational system, not only scientifically but also through gymnastic exercises. People then were already very conscious about the significance of personal lifestyle on their health.

Galen detail

Galen of Pergamon

Galen of Pergamon (around 129-216 AD), in the history of medicine better known as Galen, continued to advance the teachings of Hippocrates in ancient Rome. As a popular doctor of Roman aristocrats Galen used his cold cream "Unguentum efrigerans" to fight against wrinkles and external signs of aging. This very popular anti-aging cosmetics consisted of olive oil, rose oil and beeswax and held antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Being far ahead of time with their spas and public baths ancient Romans were very advanced in the wellness sector.

The Dark Time of the Middle Ages

For the history of medicine, hence for anti-aging, the Middle Ages were initially a very dark era. Nursing was attributed to the monasteries, only god healed. Medical knowledge was rather poor and based on past traditions. When in doubt, patients were drawn blood or purged. No one thought of anti-aging treatments. With the beginning of the 13th century the already highly developed Arab medicine spread through Spain and the Moors andinfluenced Central and Western Europe. The subject of anti-aging advanced through alchemical knowledge back into the fore. The search for a miracle immortality or life extension elixir was on again.

Despite general medical ignorance there were still some notable exceptions:

Arnaldus de Villanova

Arnald of Villanova

  • Arnald of Villanova (1240 – 1311)

    Villanova, in his time a famous physician, not only saw healing and maintaining the health of the human body as a goal of medicine, but also the enhancement of the quality of life.
Pope Alexander III

Pope Alexander III.

  • Pope Alexander III.

    In 1177 Alexander III. sent his personal physician to India to find the mysterious source of eternal youth.
  • Roger Bacon (1214 – 1294)

    Bacon, also called "Doctor Mirabilis", was a Franciscan monk, alchemist, philosopher and natural scientist. He was engaged in keeping young people from getting old and rejuvenating the elderly. Quite a few obscure anti-aging recipes go back to him, for example, vipers boiled in salted water with red wine. And that's not all: All of his life Bacon sought after the Philosopher's Stone, which on one hand should turn regular metal into gold and on the other hand should be the ultimate anti-aging agent to defeat all diseases and bring youth to the elderly.

Anti-Aging in the Renaissance: The Beginning of a New Era

Incrementally a new medical understanding and health perception evolved. A healthy lifestyle such as preserving and increasing the joy of life and preventing stress moved into the foreground of medical thinking. For the first time the causal link between aging and anatomical changes of the body was examined. 

Museo Correr Tommaso Rangone A Vittoria 03032015 1

Tomaso Rangone

In 1550 Tomaso Rangone argued in his book "How Men May Live Beyond 120 Years" the possibilities of life extension and thus built a bridge to modern anti-aging. Like a leitmotif, the search for a "miracle elixir for eternal life" stretches through the Renaissance. 

Paracelsus-03

Philipus Theophrastus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim

In the opinion of alchemist Philipus Theophrastus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim (1493 - 1541), better known as Paracelsus, the miracle elixir was to be found in minerals and chemical substances.

Anti-Aging During the Scientific Revolution

Frans Hals - Portret van Rene   Descartes

René Descartes

The first microscopes were built, the bloodstream and lymphatic vessels discovered. René Descartes (1596-1650), the author of the famous saying "I think therefore I am", continued to actively engage in the prolongation of life and the preservation of youth.

Pourbus Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon (1561-1626) was convinced that the medical progress would be the salvation for the aging human body.

Anti-Aging During the Enlightenment

Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland - Portrait

Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland

The Age of Enlightenment released people from their “self-imposed immaturity". Personalities such as Voltaire, Rousseau and Benjamin Franklin shaped the zeitgeist of that time and promoted human emancipation of archaic constraints and restrictions. Rousseau (1712-1778) attributed all diseases back to civilization and a wrong way of life. Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland (1762-1836), personal family physician of Frederick William III and first physician and director of the Charité in Berlin, wrote numerous papers on healthcare. In his major work: "The Art to Prolong Human Life", he called for moderation in all areas of life and saw an unhealthy lifestyle as the main cause for a waste of vitality.

Anti-Aging in the 19th Century

Brown-sequard

Professor Charles Edward Brown-Séquard

Robert Koch, Rudolph Virchow, Louis Pasteur and the emergence of modern bacteriology shaped the 19th century. With the doctrine of the hormones, the so-called endocrinology, 1889 was especially relevant for the advancement in anti-aging. With a presentation on an elixir for longevity Professor Charles Edward Brown-Séquard became popular overnight. This so-called "Liquide Orchitique" originated from the testicles of freshly killed guinea pigs and dogs, yet it proved to be ineffective in the long term. However, Brown-Séquard initiated a development which was of utmost importance for anti-aging.

Robert Koch

Robert Koch

Robert Koch and Louis Pasteur discovered that infectious diseases are caused by the tiniest organisms and bacteria, thus laying the foundation for today's immunology.

Ilya Mechnikov nobel

Ilja Metchnikoff

Ilja Iljitsch Metchnikoff (1845-1916) began as an immunologist and was awarded, together with Paul Ehrlich, the Nobel Prize for his discovery of phagocytes. In his later years he engaged himself with the medicine of aging and the possibilities of prolonging life.

Anti-Aging Today

Today it is believed that the human body could ideally grow to around 120 years old. American scientist Durk Pearson and Sandy Shaw believe in an average lifespan of 800 years, if we would age less. George C. Williams and Randolph M. Nesse, two well-known American evolutionary biologists, suggest a possible life span of about 690 years. Disregarding any speculation about the potential human life span, there is proof that we can reduce the biological age and extend the apparent beauty of people utilizing certain preventive measures.

What Is an Anti-Aging Treatment?

One must distinguish between medical and aesthetic treatments. In both cases an individual therapy is prepared. Anti-aging treatments are based on a thorough medical history review as described in the previous paragraph.

Likewise aesthetic anti-aging treatments are individually prepared and matched to the particular skin type. An extremely dry skin, for example, requires different cosmetic products than a mixed or normal skin type. In general, as with many other cosmetic series, anti-aging skin care treatments are carefully harmonized to work together. Optimal results are only achieved through the interaction of all anti-aging products.

Why Undergo an Anti-Aging Treatment and in Which Areas of the Human Body Does it Work?

Anti-aging treatments should act rejuvenating and revitalizing. Your well-being and quality of life should increase and you should feel better overall. In the case of a medical anti-aging treatment efficiency and energy are expected to rise. An aesthetic anti-aging treatment combined with a high quality, carefully coordinated anti-aging skin care series should reduce the depth of existing wrinkles and prevent additional wrinkles. Better moisturized skin will look plumper, firmer and healthier.

Functions of the Skin

Why Is Skin Referred to as the Largest Organ?

Skin is our largest organ with a surface of 1.5 to 2 square meters on an average sized adult. It acts as a shield against pathogens, UV radiation, heat, coldness and dehydration. It weighs approximately 13 kilograms and is therefore the heaviest organ in humans. Close to 2 billion skin cells protect the human body against negative external influences every day. As a sensory organ with several million nerve cells, skin allows for a fine sense of touch being able to feel heat, coldness and pain. Skin regulates our temperature and moisture. Our skin is quasi a multi-talent. Without it we could not live and that’s why we should thank our skin every day with an optimal skin care.

What the Skin Reveals About a Person?

The skin is, like the eyes, a mirror of our soul and reveals a lot about the physical and mental state of a person. Not without a reason many alternative and homeopathic practitioners derive their diagnosis partially from the skin condition of their patients. With jaundice it turns yellow, when exhausted and fatigue it turns pale, reddish on exertion and during the summer it turns brown. In awkward situations we blush, under stress many people get skin irritations and blemishes. Are we feeling great, on the other hand, our skin radiates from within. It lets us draw conclusions about our age and our mood. Whether we laugh a lot or frown very often: At a certain age our attitude is reflected by our facial expression. The skin is our foremost sentiment indicator.

How Many Layers of Skin Do We Have?

The skin consists of 3 layers:

  • Epidermis
  • Dermis
  • Hypodermis
Epidermis

Epidermis

The epidermis, outer layer of skin, consists of a horny layer (stratum corneum). On one hand it is a reliable shield against bacteria and other harmful external influences, on the other hand supporting and nourishing active ingredients can penetrate the skin. It can therefore distinguish between harmful and useful substances. Through its pores the skin regulates the body temperature: The pores are opened or closed depending on temperature and humidity. The epidermis has different levels of thickness depending on the location. It is the thickest on the palms and soles.

Dermis

Dermis

The dermis is the second layer of the skin and is significantly thicker than the epidermis. It consists of several sub-layers, one of which is the upper, relatively thin papillary layer, which acts as an anchor to the epidermis. Here the sensory cells are located which let us sense touch and vibrations. The second, much larger layer contains connective tissue-forming cells (fibroblasts). These form a network of collagen and elastic strands and are in a sense the "heart" of a young, beautiful and healthy skin.

Subcutis

Subcutis

The hypodermis, also called subcutaneous tissue (subcutis), is the lowermost layer of the skin. It contains fat tissue, sebaceous glands and sweat glands and is pervaded by strong fibers which are used as a fat storage and as padding, shock absorbers and insulator of the human body.

How Often Does the Human Skin Renew Itself?

The human epidermis constantly forms new skin cells, which then press the overlying older and horny skin cells upwards. On the way up the old cells dry and are rejected by the body. Thus, the epidermis is completely renewed every 4 weeks. The particularly thin and delicate lip skin even renews itself biweekly. Therefore skin cells belong to the few body cells that renew themselves for a lifetime while the rate of renewal decreases with increasing age. At an average age of 80, the skin has renewed itself about 800 times.

How Much Skin Does a Person Lose a Day / in a Lifetime?

Every day an average of 14 grams of skin, meaning millions of cells, are discarded, which separate as dander and fall to the ground. Particularly striking is this desquamation of the skin after a sunburn or with extremely dry skin. An 80-year-old man may lose up to 3 tons of skin during his life time.

Are There Differences Between the Male and the Female Skin?

The difference between male and female skin is greater than you think. Female skin is much thinner than male skin and tends to develop more wrinkles. Also, different hormones in men and women play a major role for the skin. While the male hormone testosterone will keep skin tighter and more youthful, women have more to fear. As early as age 35 estrogen levels in the blood decrease and lead to the first small wrinkles. The lower the estrogen production, the thinner the female skin will become, significantly losing its elasticity and storing less water. The skin becomes drier and after the menopause, collagen fibers are reduced by up to 30%. Collagen fibers in women run parallel while they are cross-linked in men.

Men's skin has larger pores, is thicker than women's skin and can store more water. The sebaceous glands’ production is significantly higher than in female skin, so that the male skin always contains enough moisture and looks smoother and firmer. The increased sebaceous gland production is also the reason that young men are more likely to suffer from impure skin than women. Although female skin begins to age earlier than men's skin, men’s skin ages much faster.

Skin Aging Process

Where Is Human Skin the Thinnest & Prone to Wrinkles?

The epidermis varies in thickness depending on the location, approximately between 0.03 millimeters and 4.00 millimeters thick. The thinnest skin is found on the eyelid and is only 0.03 millimeter thick. On more exposed parts of the body, such as the soles of the feet or palms of the hands, it can be up to 4.00 millimeters thick. The thinner the epidermis, the more it is prone to wrinkles. This also explains why some body parts require a particularly rich and moisturizing skin care. Eye creams, eye masks, ampoules, skin care serums: There are numerous care products available on the market for the delicate eye area. It is also commonly known that the skin around the neck and décolleté is thinner than on other parts of the body. In their skin care program many cosmetic manufacturers therefore offer a particular cream for the neck and décolleté. Hands reveal much about the actual age of a person, because the epidermis is comparably thin and often exposed to heavy workloads.

When Do We Speak of Mature Skin?

In contrast to dry or oily skin, "mature skin" is no dermatological term. It is a term introduced by the cosmetics industry for skin that shows visible signs of aging. Genetic factors certainly play a major role in the occurrence of the first signs of aging and wrinkles, but for many women the first signs of aging can be seen with the beginning of their 40th birthday. The actual aging of the skin has been in progress for many years, but for the first time it becomes clearly visible. This is the right time to pamper your skin with anti-aging facial care which is tailored to the needs of mature skin.

When and How Does Skin Age?

Skin aging is a very individual process and is determined by genetic factors. With some people the skin aging process begins at an early age, while others enjoy a firm skin up to old age. Dermatological skin aging begins in the 20s and continually progresses throughout life. Depending on predisposition the first clear signs of aging in women can be seen at the age of 40, while men, due to their thicker and moisture rich skin show signs of aging a bit later.

How fast skin ages is not only genetically predetermined, but also depends on various environmental influences. Strong sunlight and frequent visits to the solarium may damage the collagen fibers of the skin and accelerate skin aging. Free radicals, often resulting from nicotine consumption, damage the skin – so do vitamin and mineral deficiencies. Frequent diets may lead to premature connective tissue atony.

What Happens to Skin During the Aging Process?

Skin Aging Passes Through Various Stages of Life:

  • At the age of 20
    Beginning with the age of 20 the skin begins its aging process. The first small wrinkles emerge around the eyes and on the forehead and are more or less pronounced depending on genetic predisposition.
  • At the age of 30
    Beginning with the age of 30 the skin’s fat production decreases by a quarter compared to the years before and the skin loses moisture and elasticity. Cell division slows down and the epidermis renews itself every 40 days compared to 28 days before. Wrinkles around eyes and forehead increase. Sometimes dark circles form around the eyes.
  • At the age of 40
    With the beginning of the forties the number of sebaceous glands decline. Thus the skin becomes even drier and cell division as well as blood flow through the skin decreases. The pigment cells in the hair gradually diminish. Depending on predisposition the first white hairs sprout. Existing wrinkles may deepen. In addition, the tear sacs may become saggy and wrinkles may occur on the upper lip.
  • At the age of 50
    During the menopause women’s estrogen production decreases drying the skin further. In addition, the skin becomes more sensitive and its elastic fibers decline. The skin is prone to redness, itchiness and inflammation. The face may appear saggy and by now the wrinkles may have reached the neck. Age and pigment spots can occur. Over the years wrinkles become more pronounced.

Can We Prevent the Aging Process?

Although our genetic predisposition can’t be "fooled", we can do a lot for our skin, e.g. by living a healthier life, reducing harmful environmental conditions and using good anti-aging care products. People, who actively lead a healthy lifestyle, eat nutritious and exercise in the fresh air, often tend to have better skin compared to passive people. The abstinence of nicotine and a balanced psyche may also delay skin aging. With an optimal anti-aging care that supplies the mature skin with moisture and nutrients, older skin should also appear firmer and healthier.

Wrinkles: A Sign of Aging

What Causes Wrinkles?

Wrinkles are linear creases on the skin’s surface caused by a folding of the epidermis and the dermis. With age the quality and number of collagen and elastin fibers decline. Over a lifetime the fibers are strained by strong sunlight, injury and free radicals, so that they lose their elasticity and are then destroyed by specific enzymes. Throughout the aging process of the skin, the dynamic balance between the formation of new collagen and elastin fibers and the body's own decomposition is disturbed by enzymes.

How Many Wrinkles Is Considered Normal?

Normalcy is always in the eye of the beholder: Is a person satisfied with his own skin appearance, or do existing wrinkles significantly interfere with one’s visual well-being? If you want to know for sure, you should consult a doctor or a beautician specialized in anti-aging, who can analyze your skin. Giving a universally valid statement is rather difficult, since a big part of the formation of wrinkles is genetically given. Yet there are some dermatological statistics when certain wrinkles occur:

  • From the Age of 30
    First glabella lines, better known as expression wrinkles, form around the eyes and on the forehead. These include the frown lines between the eyebrows and the so-called vertical nasolabial folds between the upper lip and nose. Also the first wrinkles caused by sun exposure may form on the face, neck and décolleté.
  • From the Age of 40
    Wrinkles and expression lines become more visible on the face as well as wrinkles at the temple and the corner of the eyes (also known as crow's feet). Depending on predisposition perioral wrinkles may already form. These are many small radially arranged wrinkles directly below or above the mouth that particularly stand out above the upper lip. Wrinkles around the corners of the mouth can drag the mouth’s corners down while horizontal wrinkles on the forehead become more visible.
  • From the Age of 50
    Small wrinkles turn to larger wrinkles, the outlines of neck and chin become blurred and wrinkles on neck and décolleté increase.

What Kind of Wrinkles Are There?

Wrinkles shape a face and depending on the type of wrinkles they offer information on a person’s age, lifestyle and attitude towards life. Nevertheless, a wrinkle is not always a wrinkle. We distinguish between four different types of wrinkles:

  • Aging Wrinkles
  • Wrinkles Caused by a Lack of Moisture
  • Expression Lines
  • Wrinkles from Excessive Sun Exposure

 

 

Aging Wrinkles

Altersfalten

Aging Wrinkles

Aging wrinkles are a consequence of aging and completely natural, but can be significantly reduced with a healthy lifestyle and good anti-aging cosmetics. Aging wrinkles are formed by a slower cell division and larger cell gaps in the skin.

Wrinkles Caused by a Lack of Moisture

Faeltchen durch Feuchtigkeitsmangel

Wrinkles Caused by a Lack of Moisture

Wrinkles caused by an acute lack of moisture are significantly finer than aging wrinkles and may result from inadequate facial skin care or insufficient fluid intake. Also air-conditioning, dry heating air in winter and frequent visits to the sauna can dry out skin. In many cases wrinkles caused by a lack of moisture should be almost completely eliminated with intensive skin care products and an innovative skin care treatment technology.

Expression Lines

Mimik Falten

Expression Lines

Expression lines reflect a person’s attitude towards life and they emerge when certain facial muscles are exposed to frequent stress. Thus the connective tissue gradually loses its elasticity and firmness. For example, People, who laugh a lot, often develop laugh lines around the eyes and mouth. People, who often frown, develop wrinkles between the eyebrows.

Wrinkles from Excessive Sun Exposure

Falten durch exessive Seonneneinstrahlung

Wrinkles from Excessive Sun Exposure

As the name implies, these wrinkles are caused by intense sun exposure or from frequent visits to the solarium. The epidermis is literally depleted and loses moisture because of high UVA radiation on unprotected skin. The collagen structures of the connective tissue are permanently damaged. By using better sun protection, avoiding excessive sunlight and with the help of intensive skin care products, the skin’s epithelium should become softer, so that the depth of wrinkles and folds should be alleviated.

How Do I Recognize the First Aging Wrinkles?

You are only as old as you feel yourself, but when the first aging wrinkles appear, you should turn to the right skin care. Sometimes however, it is not that easy to distinguish between aging wrinkles or other wrinkles. An important indication is certainly age. The older a person is, the more likely the occurrence of aging wrinkles. The depth of the wrinkles may also be an indication whether or not you are dealing with aging wrinkles. Wrinkles caused by a lack of moisture can often be identified by the fact that the affected skin is tense from dryness and the tightness and wrinkles will disappear immediately after applying an appropriate skin care product.

What Is the Next Important Step?

The day the first aging wrinkles appear and the skin starts to sag one would rather shatter the mirror. We all grow older. Therefore, it is important not to bury our heads in the sand, but to pamper our skin with a good anti-aging care. If not examined before, this is the best time to determine your personal skin type and to start applying individually matched anti-aging cosmetics regularly and consistently. All skin care products should originate from to the same cosmetic series, so that an optimal result can be achieved by the interplay of the individual ingredients.

Anti-Aging in Practice

How Do I Find the Right Anti-Aging Skin Care?

A few criteria should be considered, so that an anti-aging skin care can achieve optimal results. These include skin type, well-combined care products and certainly the ingredients.

Different Skin Types

The "one" anti-aging care suitable for anyone does not exist: too different are the individual skin types and skin textures. Regardless of skin type, the fine thin layers of skin around the eyes require a fundamentally different care than the tougher skin around the cheeks and forehead. In dermatology there is a distinction between four different types of skin. An effective skin care - and this applies not only to anti-aging products and anti-wrinkle creams - should be matched to your skin type, to provide the skin with an optimum of nutrients.

We distinguish between:

  • Normal Skin
  • Dry Skin
  • Combination or Mixed Skin
  • Greasy / Oily Skin

Normal Skin

Normal skin is characterized by a smooth, rosy surface with fine pores. It is often found on younger people. It appears lithe while oily or scabby areas of skin are not present. Sebum production, moisture, desquamation and cornification are in equilibrium.

Dry Skin

Dry skin doesn’t contain enough fat and moisture in the stratum corneum. Frequent desquamation and a feeling of tension are the result. This dryness will increasingly cause fine lines and wrinkles. Dry skin may itch while painful cracks may occur. Dry skin can be hereditary or caused by external factors such as climate, bad skin care or certain medications. Basically, skin tends to become dry with age, since the sebum production of the skin decreases.

Greasy/Oily Skin

Greasy skin is characterized by an increased fat content of the skin’s surface, which is caused by overactive sebaceous glands. This skin is durable, possesses larger pores, is shiny and has a tendency to develop blackheads, comedos and blemishes. It is more common in men than in women and tends to occur in adolescents and young adults.

Combination or Mixed Skin

Combination skin or mixed skin is partly dry but also greasy on some other areas of the skin. Areas around eyes and cheeks tend to be dry while nose, chin and forehead appear somewhat oily. This is also called the T-Zone. Dry and greasy areas require different skin care products, which often complicates skin care. Combination skin is a relatively common skin type.

Complete Care Series

Besides determining skin type, it is important to opt for a complete skin care line including cleansing milk, eye care and perhaps neck and décolleté lotion. Only through an interaction of all care components, anti-aging products can reach their optimal impact. Pay attention to quality and choose a cosmetics manufacturer that has been on the market for some time, whose products are subject to strict guidelines and have experience in the anti-aging field.

Key Ingredients

The key ingredients of anti-aging creams are:

  • Vitamin C and Hyaluronic Acid
  • Retinol and Collagen
  • Coenzyme Q10

Vitamin C and Hyaluronic Acid

With a vitamin C deficiency a person is not only more susceptible to infections, but the defense system of the skin against harmful environmental influences may also suffer. Hyaluronic acid acts as a water reservoir, traps moisture and thereby makes the skin appear firmer and smoother.

Retinol and Collagen

Retinol is a fat-dissolving vitamin that can boost the skin's metabolism, so that harmful substances can be removed faster from within the skin. Collagen is supposed to support the skin's own collagen production and thus should minimize skin aging.

Coenzyme Q10

The coenzyme Q10 is supposed to stimulate the reduction of harmful free radicals. Often we suffer from a shortage of Q10, because we must cook most Q10-containing foods before consumption, which destroys much of this coenzyme.

How Does Anti-Aging Skin Care Affect the Human Skin?

Anti-aging skin care is intended to support the functions of the skin, moisturize, balance age-related deficits, reduce aging effects and soften wrinkles through their active components. Most anti-wrinkle creams contain hyaluronic acid, a skin-identical substance, which is also found in the human connective tissue. It acts as a water reservoir and can store up to 6000 times more water. Since the production of hyaluronic acid decreases with increasing age, the skin will gradually dry and form wrinkles. When anti-aging products with hyaluronic acid are applied to the skin, they appear to balance out moisture deficits and reduce the depth of wrinkles. Similar to hyaluronic acid, the body's own collagen production decreases with increasing age. Consequently the skin becomes increasingly flaccid. Good anti-aging cosmetics are also supposed to counteract this deficiency.

At What Age Should Anti-Aging Products Be Used?

Most anti-aging products are tailored towards mature skin beginning around the age of 40 and contain ingredients that apply their beneficial properties only to mature skin and in the worst case may be harmful to younger skin. This applies especially to so-called retinoids and alpha hydroxy acids. They are supposed to support the cell functions, but could negatively affect the storage capacity of water, so that young skin could dry out and become scabby. Light sensitivity of younger skin could rise. If you want to prevent the formation of wrinkles early enough at a younger age, ZEITGARD anti-age products from LR offer proper anti-aging care also for young skin. The Anti-Age System Hydrating Cream Gel is specially designed for young skin and can be used when first signs of aging appear. The Hydrating Cream Gel is supposed to tighten the facial contours and provide the skin with moisture. Via innovative thermal technology and vibration, the active ingredients of the gel can possibly penetrate deep into the skin: The skin appears firmer and more even.

Which Anti-Aging Cream Should Be Used with the Age of 20/30/40/50?

In most cases classic anti-aging creams are designed for skin around the age of 40 and not suitable for much younger skin. Nevertheless, with proper skin care products you can do much for your skin even at an early age:

  • Beginning with the Age of 20
    Anti-wrinkle creams are still not necessary and may - as already mentioned - even harm your skin. Skin aging may be slowed by avoiding oxidative damage by sunlight, keeping a healthy diet and exercising. Hyaluronic acid can provide the skin with moisture and protect against wrinkles. Special care is needed around the drier eye area.
  • Beginning with the Age of 30
    Around the age of 30 - depending on predisposition - minor aging signs may become visible. Therefore, skin care should be a little richer and more concentrated on moisturizing than in your 20s. Day creams should contain an SPF (sun protection factor) of at least 30. The same is advisable for sun protection lotion as well. A regular use of moisturizing masks may prevent wrinkles caused by dryness.
  • Beginning with the Age of 40
    By now the aging of the skin has advanced as well as sun damage from solar radiation. Rich creams with a high SPF and integrated antioxidants, such as polyphenols are suitable for skincare. Skin should be cleaned with gentle washing creams and cleansing milk. Special anti-aging serums can provide the skin with potent power agents.
  • Beginning with the Age of 50
    The number of wrinkles has increased while some deeper ones may have emerged. A rich anti-aging skin care with a high SPF and antioxidants should alleviate the signs of aging. With nourishing oils and hyaluronic acid the skin appears firmer again, resupplied with moisture.

Is the Recommended Age for Starting an Anti-Aging Skin Care the Same for Men as for Women?

As already mentioned, the skin aging process in most men begins noticeably later than in women, but therefore proceeds much faster later on. Nevertheless, men should begin to use skin care early enough to prevent wrinkles and aging. While many women start thinking about anti-aging products as early as mid-30, each man’s household should be home to anti-aging skin care products by their mid-40s at the latest.

What Is an Effective, Perfectly Matched Anti-Aging Care?

A good anti-aging treatment - like any other cosmetic treatment - always consists of a number of steps that have to be accomplished daily, mornings as well as evenings:

  • Cleaning (Cleansing)
  • Skin Structure (Anti-Age System)
  • Individual Restructuring Care (Care)

Cleansing

The first step is cleansing the skin to prepare it for an effective and long-lasting anti-aging treatment. Only with clean skin the active ingredients of anti-aging care can achieve optimal results. As the skin becomes drier with age, gentle cleansing milk should offer better results than cleansing gel. After using cleansing milk many manufacturers recommend a clarifying facial tonic.

Skin Structure

In order to supply the skin with the necessary active ingredients, an anti-aging care should possibly penetrate deep into the dermis. There, the supplied moisture is absorbed and the skin padded from the inside, so that wrinkles appear less deep and fine lines seem alleviated. Often ordinary anti-aging care products only cover the epidermis and won’t penetrate deep enough into the skin, because of the molecular structure of fats bound therein. For the following care products, LR has developed an integrated, three-step anti-age management, which, compared to classic anti-aging skin care, incorporates another care step between cleansing and skin care by means of a cosmetics apparatus.

Restructuring Care

After a thorough cleansing, the appropriate anti-aging care is carefully tapped into the skin. Depending on the time of day, this care product could be a rich anti-aging day cream or anti-aging night cream, an eye cream and maybe a neck and décolleté cream. The day cream should have a high sun protection factor. For particularly dry and sensitive skin an intensive-care serum or an intensive-care cream is recommended.

What Is ZEITGARD Anti-Age Management?

The term "ZEITGARD Anti-Age Management" was conceived by LR for its integrated skin treatment concept, ranging from cleansing, through the preparation of the skin, to high-quality anti-aging care products. The three building blocks ZEITGARD Cleansing System, ZEITGARD Anti-Age System and ZEITGARD Care System perfectly interact with each other, support all anti-aging processes, provide a pleasant skin sensation and promote firmer skin.

ZEITGARD CLEANSING SYSTEM

The cleansing of the skin is carried out with the unique facial cleansing brush ZEITGARD 1 and specially developed cleansing milk. Studies of the prestigious institute Dermatest GmbH verify that ZEITGARD 1 cleans up to ten times more effective than classic facial cleansing. ZEITGARD 1 is suitable for both male and female skin and will remain hygienic for up to 3 months due to the antibacterial properties of the Microsilver BG™ containing brush filaments. The formation of bacteria is reduced and regeneration prevented. Skin contaminations and make-up are removed thoroughly by the oscillating brush head with up to 7,300 oscillations per minute. Due to the oscillation technology, ZEITGARD 1 cleanses gentler than a rotating brush and thus ensures a thorough deep cleansing without straining the skin too much. Through the interplay of brush and specifically designed cleaning solution a fine "mesh" is formed, which dissolves contaminations from the skin, absorbs and carefully removes them. The result is impressive:

  • Optimal preparation for the following skin care steps
  • Improved skin through spoiling & deep pore cleansing
  • Firmer skin through massage
  • Better blood circulation and fresher tan

ZEITGARD Anti-Age System

LR’s innovative Anti-Age System prepares the skin via apparative cosmetics and special anti-aging products optimally for the subsequent ZEITGARD Care System. The device ZEITGARD 2 is based on a combination of thermal technology and vibration and works the skin-preparing anti-age products deep into the clean facial skin. Both technologies are two well-known dermatological procedures that utilize the skin's natural processes and adaptive response effectively. The skin is actively treated both hot and cold. Thus, wrinkles appear smoothed and the skin will be optimally prepared for the absorption of care products. The effectiveness should be noticed beginning with the first application. ZEITGARD Anti-Age System is suitable for both young as well as mature skin through the use of different care products.

Phase 1: Heat Effect

After applying the ZEITGARD Anti-Age products onto the area around the eye and onto the forehead and cheeks at about 42° Celsius, the skin pores receive the signal that the body is overheated. To cool the body down again, the pores open up and therefore prepare the skin perfectly for the ZEITGARD skin care products. The active ingredients of the anti-aging products penetrate deeper into the skin and can take effect there.

Phase 2: Cooling Effect

Through the subsequent cooling phase the pores are signaled to close. The products anti-aging components already in the skin are thereby embedded. With the contraction of the pores unnecessary liquids within can be removed and therefore should reduce skin swelling, such as around the tear sacs.

Phase 3: Vibrating Effect

The vibration is supposed to transport active ingredients deeper into the skin and stimulate the connective tissue. The skin will be better supplied with regeneration compounds and support the removal of pollutants.

ZEITGARD Care System

By no means are ZEITGARD Nano Gold, ZEITGARD Beauty Diamonds or ZEITGARD Platinum precious metals; they are highly effective anti-age cosmetics from LR. All product lines, aided by essential amino acids, support the skin’s moisturizing process and support the regular functions of the skin cells. While ZEITGARD Beauty Diamonds day cream protects the skin against free radicals, provides a good skin sensation and should reduce the visual appearance of wrinkles, ZEITGARD Beauty Diamonds night cream supports the nocturnal regeneration processes of the skin and ensures a fresh-looking tan in the morning. The delicate eye area receives optimal care with ZEITGARD Beauty Diamonds eye cream, which is designed to add moisture to the skin and should reduce dark circles and puffiness around the tear sacs. The intensive-care serum and the intensive-care cream are especially rich and achieve a true pampering experience for mature skin.

ZEITGARD Nano Gold with nano gold, silk proteins, TIMP-Peptides® and SYN®-COLL is an exclusive care series for skin over age 30. Cosmetic series ZEITGARD Nano Gold and ZEITGARD Beauty Diamonds were specifically designed for women's skin. The refreshing and moisturizing ZEITGARD Platinum series with encapsulated glacier water, cactus extract, hyaluronic acid, and Vitamin E is the perfect care kit for men. In addition ZEITGARD Serox offers special care against expression lines while Power Lift is a powerful product for quick energy.

Will I Be Able to Perform My Own Anti-Aging Treatment or Do I Have to Go to a Beautician?

An anti-aging treatment can also be performed at home. This can be advantageous, because anti-aging cosmetics must be applied twice a day in order to be able to permanently reduce wrinkles and provide a good skin sensation. A one-time visit to a beautician cannot achieve the same result and it is also considerably more expensive than a self-administration. The use of anti-aging products is simple and can be performed by anyone.

How Long Should an Anti-Aging Treatment Take?

For anti-aging cosmetics to be fully effective, it should be regularly applied in the morning and in the evening, just like any other skin care as well. That way the skin is continuously supplied with active ingredients, binds more moisture and seems smoother altogether. An anti-age day cream protects the skin against harmful sunlight and other pollutants while an eye cream pampers the delicate eye area with moisture and active care components. An anti-age night cream supports the nightly regeneration of the skin so that it appears significantly more radiant and fresher in the morning. Thus the skin permanently receives active ingredients that it requires.

How Do I Recognize a Good Anti-Aging Skin Care?

A good anti-aging care should possibly penetrate deep into the skin to help prevent skin from aging and effectively aid to reduce already existing wrinkles. In addition, anti-aging skin care should contain the before-mentioned active substances such as retinol, collagen, coenzyme Q10, hyaluronic acid, and Vitamin C in a sufficient concentration. Especially in the case of anti-aging products the saying "quality has its price" applies, so that a cheaper price should never be a buying criteria. Stay away from care products that you have already purchased and feel uncomfortable on the skin, are itchy and lead to a sensation of tension! Then the care series is not suitable for your skin, because high-quality anti-aging skin care should always ensure a good sensation and cause the skin to radiate.

Is Anti-Aging Cosmetics as Effective as Botox?

Anti-aging care products take a completely different approach than Botox treatments. Therefore the effect is completely different. While anti-aging cosmetics aim to compensate for age-related skin deficits, stimulate the skin's metabolism and eradicate free radicals, Botox is a prescription drug that is used among other things to reduce wrinkles. It is injected into facial muscles and blocks muscle contractions in that area. The muscles relax, the wrinkles become smoother while light wrinkles may disappear completely. Botulinum dissipates rapidly after an injection. The treatment becomes visible within 48-72 hours. The effect of a Botox injection can last several months, but it is also potentially dangerous, because the botulinum toxin is a poison. In case of an overdose there is a risk of poisoning, so-called botulism. For a permanently smooth facial skin Botox treatments have to be repeated in certain intervals. Compared to Botox the results of a continuous application of anti-aging products are long-term, less stressful for the body and also more natural.

Do You Have Any Further Questions?

Anti-aging as a topic is fascinating, but is also a very complex issue. Should you have any further questions we have not been able to answer here, please send us an email or call us at +49 2382 7060-0. We will be happy to respond.

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